Applied Animal Science Proceeding Series https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science <p>Livestock production, Animal health, Animal nutrition, Feed technology, Livestock technology, Livestock industry, Socio-economy of livestock, Livestock Agribusiness</p> Politeknik Negeri Jember en-US Applied Animal Science Proceeding Series 2808-2311 Efektivitas nanoemulsi ekstrak binahong terhadap Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, dan Escherichia coli https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/329 <div><em><span lang="EN-GB">The binahong plant (Anredera cordifolia (ten) steenis) has natural antimicrobial properties. This study aims to determine the antibacterial effectiveness of nanoemulsion binahong extract against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, and Escherichia coli based on different constituent formulas. Binahong leaves were extracted using 96% ethanol with a ratio of 1:7.5 by the maceration method. Nanoemulsions were prepared with the ratio of formulations of tween 80 and sorbitol (P1: 24 and 36%, P2: 25 and 35%). Antibacterial activity of nanoemulsion was tested by well diffusion method. Antibacterial ability is known based on the measurement of the resulting inhibition zone and compared with the standard. Based on the research results, it is known that the P1 nanoemulsion binahong extract formula has strong antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, and Escherichia coli with inhibition zones of 8.1 mm, 8 mm, and 8.1 mm, respectively. Formula P2 produced moderate inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus (5.1 mm) and weak against Salmonella typhi (0.8 mm) and Escherichia coli (1.6 mm). The inhibitory ability of </span></em><em><span lang="EN-GB">nanoemulsion </span><span lang="EN-GB">of binahong leaf extract was influenced by the mixed solution formula. Comparison of Tween 80 and sorbitol 26 and 34% in the manufacture of binahong extract nanoemulsion resulted in broad-spectrum antibacterial.</span></em></div> Faizal Rivaldy Wijanarko Melinda Erdya Krismaputri Listya Purnamasari Himmatul Khasanah Roni Yulianto Desy Cahya Widianingrum Copyright (c) 2022 Faizal Rivaldy Wijanarko, Melinda Erdya Krismaputri, Listya Purnamasari, Himmatul Khasanah, Roni Yulianto, Desy Cahya Widianingrum https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 1 7 10.25047/animpro.2022.329 Identifikasi trematoda pada sapi jantan menjelang Idul Adha https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/330 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Bulls are an essential commodity and are always needed at the time of Eid al-Adha in Indonesia. Health insurance for livestock that will become sacrificial animals is one of the things that must get attention, especially for the safety of food or products of animal origin after the slaughter process so that it is safe for consumption by the community. Health checks have often been carried out by looking at the general condition of livestock, however, laboratory tests are still rarely carried out. This study aims to identify Trematode parasites present in bulls that will be used as sacrificial animals in the hope that it will provide useful data for evaluation and improvement in trematode parasite treatment programs. The method used to identify trematode parasite eggs is by examining the worm eggs in the faeces using the Parfitt and Banks method (1977). The samples used were fresh faeces from 72 bulls with ages ranging from 2-3 years. The result of the observation was the identification of the eggs of Fasciola sp. in 3 samples (4.2%) and eggs of Paramphistomum sp. in 2 samples (2.8%).</span></em></p> Aan Awaludin Joko Prastowo Wisnu Nurcahyo Dwi Priyowidodo Vika Ichsania Ninditya Joko Susilo Nur Muhamad Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani M Adhyatma Yudhi Ratna Nugraheni Copyright (c) 2022 Aan Awaludin, Joko Prastowo, Wisnu Nurcahyo, Dwi Priyowidodo, Vika Ichsania Ninditya, Joko Susilo, Nur Muhamad, Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani, M Adhyatma, Yudhi Ratna Nugraheni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 8 14 10.25047/animpro.2022.330 Kasus penyakit mulut dan kuku di Indonesia: epidemiologi, diagnosis penyakit, angka kejadian, dampak penyakit, dan pengendalian https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/331 <p><em>Hoof and mouth disease is an infectious and acute disease caused by a virus of the genus Apthovirus and can affect even-hoofed or split-hoofed animals such as cows, horses, goats and pigs. The writing method is carried out through the study of literature sourced from books, journals, proceedings, websites and news portals. There are seven types of FMD viruses, namely: A, O, C, Asia, South African Teritory (SAT) 1, 2, and 3. Each type of FMD virus is still divided into several sub-types and strains. So far in Indonesia there is only one type of FMD virus, namely the O type virus that attacks the mouth and nails. The diagnosis of FMD disease in cattle can be known by observing clinical symptoms such as the formation of vesicles / blisters and erosion in the mouth, tongue, gums, nostrils, nipples, and on the skin around the nails. The impact of FMD has a significant negative effect on livestock production and productivity ranging from a decrease in milk production, body weight, miscarriage to death. Testing for the detection of the virus can be carried out using RT-PCR, ELISA. It was recorded that until the end of June 2022, there were 19 provinces and 221 regencies/cities infectedwith mouth and nail disease with a total of 291,538 cases of illness, 96,060 recovered, 2,944 conditional cuts and 1,733 deaths. FMD disease can have an impact on losses economically and livestock products. strong synergy is needed from all livestock sector actors, both breeders, industry, or stakeholders together with the government and the community in the eradication of FMD through increasing knowledge and self-awareness to be responsive and swift to FMD.</em></p> Mila Riskiatul Rohma Ahmad Zamzami Herlinda Putri Utami Hani Adelia Karsyam Desy Cahya Widianingrum Copyright (c) 2022 Mila Riskiatul Rohma, Ahmad Zamzami, Herlinda Putri U, Hani Adelia K, Desy Cahya W https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 15 22 10.25047/animpro.2022.331 Reviu: Itik Magelang sebagai itik lokal potensial dan salah satu alternatif sumber protein hewani https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/332 <p><em>The need for food will increase along with the inscrease in population. Livestock is one of the contributors to food needs in the form of protein of animal origin, including meat, eggs, and milk. Animal protein is important because of its more complete amino acid content than protein of vegetable origin. Magelang duck is one of the local ducks that has advantages over other local ducks and has the potential to be developed as laying duck, broiler duck, or dual-purpose ducks. Seeing the potential that exists, this paper aims to review the potential of Magelang ducks from various research results in order to develop the potential of local ducks. Utilization of Magelang ducks needs to be done because local ducks have an important role as a provider of animal protein for the community, especially rural areas.</em></p> Ridhwan Anshor Alfauzi Nur Hidayah Copyright (c) 2022 Ridhwan Anshor Alfauzi, Nur Hidayah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 23 28 10.25047/animpro.2022.332 Analisis faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku konsumen dalam pembelian daging beku di outlet best meat Kabupaten Jember https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/333 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine consumer behavior factors in frozen meat purchasing decisions in the Best meat outlet. The method used is a survey with a purposive sampling technique. There are 4 places as data collection locations. Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis. The results showed that social factors (X<sub>1</sub>), cultural factors (X<sub>2</sub>), personal factors (X<sub>3</sub>), and psychological factors (X<sub>4</sub>) simultaneously and significantly influenced the decision to purchase frozen meat in outlet </em>Best meat<em> (PT. Ciomas Adisatwa) of Jember Regency , where Fcount 18</em><em>,118&gt; Ftable 2,54 with a significance of 0,000 &lt;0,05. Partially from the independent variables (social factors, cultural factors, personal factors, psychological factors) which have a positive and significant influence only psychological factors, where psychological factors obtain a t-value of 3,922&gt; t table 2,004 and a Sig value of 0,000 &lt;0,05. Psychological factors are the most dominant factors influencing the purchase decision of frozen meat in the outlet of </em>Best meat<em> PT. Ciomas Adisatwa, Jember Regency, where t arithmetic was 3,922&gt; t table 2,004 and significance value (Sig.) 0,000 &lt;0,05</em>.</p> Anang Febri Prasetyo Moh. Mahbub Maulidy Anggid Windu Ebby Shokhirul Imam Ujang Suryadi Rosa Tri Hertamawati Reikha Rahmasari Copyright (c) 2022 Anang Febri Prasetyo, Moh. Mahbub Maulidy, Anggid Windu Ebby, Shokhirul Imam, Ujang Suryadi, Rosa Tri Hertamawati, Reikha Rahmasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 29 34 10.25047/animpro.2022.333 Penggunaan mikroorganisme lokal (MOL) bekicot terhadap kelayakan usaha ayam kampung super https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/334 <p><em>This study aims to determine the value of Return Cost Ratio, Benefit Cost Ratio, and Break Event Point of Super Village Chicken rearing, which was substituted with MOL from Snail at several levels. The research location is at Radja Unggul Ranch which is in the Jember State Polytechnic environment. Data collection method using interviews with farmers at Radja Unggul Ranch who maintain super free-range chickens. The data taken include fixed costs, variable costs, income, and length of maintenance. Data obtained were then analyzed by R/C Ratio, B/C Ratio, and BEP. The results of the study using the MOL from Snails in the maintenance of Kampung Super chickens showed that the R/C value &gt; 1, the B/C value &gt; 0, while the lowest BEP value in the feed treatment was Treatment 3 (P3) with a MOL of 15 ml/kg. The results of these calculations show that using MOL Snail substitute feed to maintain Super Kampung Chicken is profitable for farmers.</em></p> Dhia Khairon Falih Anang Febri Prasetyo Ujang Suryadi Dharwin Siswanto Noor Asrianto Copyright (c) 2022 Dhia Khairon Falih, Anang Febri Prasetyo, Ujang Suryadi, Dharwin Siswanto, Noor Asrianto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 35 41 10.25047/animpro.2022.334 Produktivitas peternakan domba menggunakan sistem kawin alam di CV Gumukmas Multi Farm Kabupaten Jember https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/335 <p>The study was conducted to determine the productivity of local ewes and crossings carried out in Purwoasri Village, Gumukmas District, Jember Regency. This study used 30 local and crossing sheep and 65 lambs. The method used is a survey method. The observation sample was determined by purposive sampling. The variables used were birth weight, weaning weight, and litter size. The data obtained in the form of parent productivity is presented in tabular form and analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the litter size (LS) of local ewes was 1.35 ± 0.49 and that of crossing ewes was 1.92 ± 0.25. The lamb interval for local ewes was 10.55 ± 1.24 and that of crossing ewes was 9.87 ± 0.88. The weaning weight of male local lambs was 12.5 ± 0.25 and for female local lambs was 11.8 ± 0.35, the weaning weight of male crossing lambs was 14.6 ± 0.51 and for female crossing lambs was 14 0.0 ± 0.15. The productivity of local ewes is 17.92 and crossing ewes is 20.53.</p> Huda Ahmad Hudori Fredy Eka Ardhi Pratama Paramita Andini Rizal Perlambang CNAWP RR Lia Chairina Copyright (c) 2022 Huda Ahmad Hudori, Fredy Eka Ardhi Pratama, Paramita Andini, Rizal Perlambang CNAWP, RR Lia Chairina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 42 46 10.25047/animpro.2022.335 Evaluasi konsumsi pakan, morfometrik dan kualitas semen sapi bali pejantan di Breeding Center Pulukan BPTU-HPT Denpasar https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/336 <p><em>This study aimed to evaluate feed consumption on the performances bali bull. The study was observed at Pulukan Breeding Center BPTU-HPT Denpasar. The bali cattle used were 7 bulls with the weight range of 378-476 kg. Parameters observed were feed consumption; morphometrics including chest size, shoulder height, body length, scrotal diameter; and reproductive performance of semen quality. Based on observations, the average DM and protein consumption of bali bull was 1.88% BW and 1050 g/head/day. The feed consumption resulted morphometrics on averages of CS 189 cm, SH 129 cm, BL 137 cm and SD 28 cm. Meanwhile, the semen quality showed 5.6 ml volume, a whitish cream close to the milk color, normal consistency, mass movement ++, and motility 50-65%. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the feed consumed by bali bull at the Pulukan Breeding Center BPTU-HPT Denpasar has been able to produce good morphometric and reproductive performance.</em></p> Wanda Nur Safitri Vani Putri Andra Ceri Hariadi Subagja Nurkholis Nurkholis Theo Mahiseta Syahniar Copyright (c) 2022 Wanda Nur Safitri , Vani Putri Andra Ceri, Hariadi Subagja, Nurkholis, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 47 52 10.25047/animpro.2022.336 Perbandingan produktivitas kambing Peranakan Etawa dan kambing Senduro https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/337 <p><em>There are various types of dairy goats that develop in Indonesia. The Peranakan Etawa and Senduro goat are types of dairy goats that are widely developed in Indonesia. This study aimed to compare the productivity of Etawa Peranakan goats and Senduro goats. This study used 5 Etawa Peranakan goats and 5 Senduro goats. The feed used in the form of complete feed with a nutrient content of dry matter as much as 45.93%. The parameters measured were the level of feed consumption, milk production and milk quality. The data obtained were analyzed using the Independent Sample T-Test. The research that has been done shows that the senduro goat has a higher level of productivity compared to the Peranakan Etawa goat. Senduro goats had superior levels of asfed consumption of 0.19 kg/head/day and BK of 0.09 kg/head/day and milk production of 73.92 ml/head/day. The quality of Senduro goat's milk is superior in protein quality by 0.15%, lactose by 0.15%, dry matter without fat 0.34%, and specific gravity by 0.002 g/ml.</em></p> Nadia Arisani Suci Wulandari Nurkholis Nurkholis Theo Mahiseta Syahniar Copyright (c) 2022 Nadia Arisani, Suci Wulandari, Nurkholis, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 53 61 10.25047/animpro.2022.337 Pengaruh protein pakan yang berbeda dan akses kandang indoor–outdoor terhadap performa pertumbuhan dan kualitas karkas ayam persilangan lokal dan ras https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/338 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of access to cages and different feed protein on the performance and carcass percentage of local chickens (Bangkok chicken) and broiler chickens (Isa Brown). A total of 100 crossbred chickens with a sex ratio of 1:10 were randomly divided into 2 treatment factors, the first factor was the cage (A) (Indoor and Outdoor access) and the second factor was feed (B) (17% and 20% protein content). Each treatment had 5 replications; each replication consisted of 5 chickens. The results showed that there was a significant effect of the cage factor on the cumulative feed consumption of crossing chickens (p&lt;0.05) while body weight and feed conversion were significantly influenced by feed factors (p&lt;0.01). The cage factor resulted in a significant effect on body weight and carcass weight (p&lt;0.05) while the feed factor showed a very significant effect on body weight and carcass weight (p&lt;0.01). There was no significant interaction (p&lt;0.05) between cage and feed factors on production performance and carcass percentage. It concluded that the production performance and carcass percentage, crossing chickens can be raised in indoor and outdoor cages with 20% crude protein nutrient content and energy metabolism of 2,900 kcal/kg by producing the same carcass percentage.</em></p> Dina Meilina Yusi Hasmi Agustinus Jefpri Budi Prasetyo Ujang Suryadi Rosa Tri Hertamawati Copyright (c) 2022 Dina Meilina, Yusi Hasmi, Agustinus Jefpri, Budi Prasetyo, Ujang Suryadi, Rosa Tri Hertamawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 62 67 10.25047/animpro.2022.338 Reviu: Ayam petelur organik https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/339 <p><em>Laying hens are one type of poultry that is widely cultivated by breeders for their eggs. Organic products are trending currently because of their better health effects. This research was conducted with a literature study approach and used descriptive analysis. Based on the study we obtained, it was known that the maintenance of organic laying hens must be carried out with organic requirements from all aspects like land, cages, breeds, sources of feed that must be 85% organic sources, was not use chemicals, plants must free from chemical, not use antibiotics or chemical drugs on the treatment (or perhaps with a conversion period) in sick hens. Constraints on the source of organic feed ingredients as well as marketing and consumers of organic products in several areas had made organic farming not widely applied in Indonesia. Organic laying hens have lower egg weight (58 g) and egg production (90%) compared to conventional laying hens (57.5-63 g, 92.31%). However, the mortality rate and the number of broken shell eggs in organic chickens (4%, 1.5%) were better than in conventional laying hens (8.8-9.7%, 3.9%). Based on this study, it can be concluded that the quality and advantage of organic livestock produced has the potential to increase the interest of Indonesian farmers to raise organic livestock.</em></p> Ana Nurcholis Shobirin Risqi Alif Nurfajerin Fatih Rahmawati Gita Desy Cahya Widianingrum Copyright (c) 2022 Ana Nurcholis Shobirin, Risqi Alif Nurfajerin, Fatih Rahmawati Gita, Desy Cahya Widianingrum https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 68 75 10.25047/animpro.2022.339 Evaluasi pendugaan bobot badan ternak sapi potong di Berkah Setia Farm Purworejo-Jawa Tengah https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/340 <p><em>Beef cattle was a type of livestock that was raised to produce meat as its main product. The growing beef cattle nation in Indonesia was the limousine, simental, and peranakan ongole (PO) cattle. Berkah Setia Farm was a company engaged in beef cattle maintenance and focused on buying and selling. The purpose of this study was to find out the formula that can be used in estimating the body weight of beef cattle and to find out which formula results were closest to the actual body weight in beef cattle, especially PO cattle. The results showed that there was no 100% accurate formula, however, the formula for estimating the body weight of male PO cattle which is close to the actual body weight was calculated using the Arjodarmoko formula, with a percentage deviation of 2.6% while the largest deviation from the actual body weight was the Danish formula with a percentage deviation of 13.1%. The advice that can be given is that further research needs to be carried out with a larger number of livestock and other varieties of cattle to obtain more accurate results and close to the actual body weight.</em></p> Dyah Laksito Rukmi Ahmad Surya Dirja Theo Mahiseta Syahniar Hariadi Subagja Copyright (c) 2022 Dyah Laksito Rukmi, Ahmad Surya Dirja, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar, Hariadi Subagja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 76 81 10.25047/animpro.2022.340 Pengaruh suplementasi mix feed additive (bile acid dan yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae) pada pakan terhadap performa itik pedaging https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/341 <p><em>The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of giving bile acid and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in feed on performance of ducks. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) experimental method, with 4 treatments and each treatment consisting of 5 replications. The parameters observed included feed consumption, body weight, and feed conversion ratio. The trial feed treatment in this study used a combination of bile acid and yeast Saccharomyces cerrevisiae added with different concentrations to ducks. The results showed that the addition of bile acid and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to the feed had a significant effect on feed consumption and feed conversion ratio (FCR) and had no significant effect on body weight gain. The results showed that the addition of bile acid (bile acid) and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to the feed at a dose of 3.0 g / kg of feed influenced the feed consumption and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of ducks.</em></p> Gane Handoko Suci Wulandari Dadik Pantaya Copyright (c) 2022 Gane Handoko, Suci Wulandari, Dadik Pantaya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 82 86 10.25047/animpro.2022.341 Perbedaan ras kambing PE Kaligesing dan PE Senduro terhadap pertumbuhan anak kambing mulai lahir-sapih https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/342 <p><em>The Etawa Crossbreed Goat (PE) is a local goat produced by crossing the Jamnapari goat with the Kacang goat, which consists of two breeds, namely PE Kaligesing and PE Senduro. The purpose of this study was to identify the size of the lamb of PE Kaligesing and PE Senduro goats in terms of birth weight, weaning weight, body length, height, chest circumference, and ear length. Observations were carried out for 2 months starting in October-December 2021. The materials used were 13 lamb of PE Kaligesing and PE Senduro goats each. The location was in the parent and child cages. Collecting data on this observation were in the form of primary data (weaning weight, body length, height, chest circumference, and ear length) and secondary data (birth weight). The results of the T-test showed that there was no significant difference in body size (P&gt;0.05) of the kid of the PE Kaligesing and PE Senduro because the two breeds were the result of a cross between an Etawah goat and a Kacang goat. Based on statistical results, the body size of the PE Kaligesing kid (birth weight, weaning weight, body length, height, and chest circumference) was higher than that of the PE Senduro kid because the PE Kaligesing had two genetic components, namely Etawah and Kacang while PE Senduro had three genetic components. namely Etawah, Kacang, and Jawarandu. The Kaligesing PE kid has a body size that was superior to the Senduro PE kid.</em></p> Ana Fitriyah Hariadi Subagja Niswatin Hasanah M Adhyatma Copyright (c) 2022 Ana Fitriyah, Hariadi Subagja, Niswatin Hasanah, M Adhyatma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 87 94 10.25047/animpro.2022.342 Predicting the growth curve of body weight in Ettawa Crossbred Goats with Logistic and Gompertz mathematical models https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/343 <p>Ettawa crossbred goat is one of Indonesian native goat that kept for meat and milk productions. This research was aimed to predict the growth curve of body weight in Ettawa crossbred goat at 1 - 24 months of age with Logistic (L) and Gompertz (G) mathematical models. The number of 48 goats (24 males and 24 females) were used in this study and collected from Tambang District, Kampar Regency, Riau Province of Indonesia. Research showed that L and G models have the very high coefficient determination (R<sup>2</sup>) value (R<sup>2</sup>&gt;0.90). The asymptotic weight (A) in animal studies was 53.34 kg (L) / 55.20 kg (G) for male and 36.99 kg (L) / 39.86 kg (G) for female. The inflection of weight (I<sub>W</sub>) in animal studies was 26.67 kg (L) / 20.29 kg (G) for male and 18.49 kg (L) / 14.65 kg (G) for female. The inflection of age (I<sub>A</sub>) in animal studies was 8.54 months (L) / 6.74 months (G) for male and 9.80 months (L) / 7.00 months (G) for females. In conclusion, the growth curve of body weight in Ettawa crossbred goats can be predicted with L and G models accurately.</p> Widya Pintaka Bayu Putra Tantan Rustandi Wiradarya Anwar Efendi Harahap Alwi Alwi Copyright (c) 2022 Widya Pintaka Bayu Putra, Tantan Rustandi Wiradarya, Anwar Efendi Harahap, Alwi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 95 102 10.25047/animpro.2022.343 Evaluasi pemberian pakan terhadap performa pedet Sapi Bali lepas sapih di Breeding Center Pulukan BPTU-HPT Denpasar https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/344 <p><em>Feeding requires to be evaluated due to the one of the critical phases especially on weaning Bali cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of weaning Bali calves. The feed offered was king grass (Pennisetum purpuphoides) and commercial concentrate NOVO NC64. The nutrient content of king grass and concentrate were 15.58% and 87.62% for DM; 9.96% and 19.87% for protein, respectively. Parameters measured included feed consumption in as fed and DM basis, protein consumption, average daily gain, and feed efficiency. The result of feeding evaluation on weaned Bali calves were 2.44 kg/head/day and 371.9 g/head/day for DM and protein consumption, respectively. The average daily gain was 0.51 kg/head/day with 21.19% feed efficiency. Based on these results, it was concluded that the feed offered to weaned Bali calves at Breeding Center Pulukan was considered to have met the requirement standard to an average of DM and protein consumption. It was due to the growth period of the weaned Bali calves which in more focused on the growth of bones, organs and muscles.</em></p> Dyah Ayu Novitasari Hosea Abdiel Duto Wicaksono Suci Wulandari Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani Theo Mahiseta Syahniar Copyright (c) 2022 Dyah Ayu Novitasari, Hosea Abdiel Duto Wicaksono, Suci Wulandari, Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 103 108 10.25047/animpro.2022.344 Effect of L-Methionine and L-Lysine HCL supplementation in minimum standard feed requirements on the performance of KUB (Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan) chickens https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/345 <p>This study will determine the effect of supplementing L-methionine, and L-lysine HCl to a minimum diet based on KUB (Kampung Unggul Balitbangtan) chickens standards body weight, weight gain, and Feed Conversion Ratio of KUB chicken at the grower phase. A total of 240 Eight weeks-old KUB chickens were used in this study. The KUB chickens were divided into 3 treatments with 4 replications. The dietary treatments were: R0 (ration based on minimum diet standard), R1 (ration based on minimum diet standard + 0.25% L-Methionine+ 0.25% L-Lysine HCl), R2 (ration based on minimum diet standard + 0.5% L- Methionine + 0.5% L-Lysine HCl). The data collected were body weight, weight gain, and feed conversion ratio of KUB chickens aged 8 weeks. The result of this study for R0, R1 and R2 showed that body weight of chickens were 516.25<u>+</u>34.07<sup>a</sup>; 519.75<u>+</u>31.25<sup>a</sup>; 502<u>+</u>47.45<sup>b</sup>g/bird, weights gain were451.58<u>+</u>39.54<sup>a</sup>; 443.08<u>+</u>35.74<sup>ab</sup>; 424.83<u>+</u>57.73<sup>b</sup>g/birds and feed conversion ratio were3.76<u>+</u>0.31<sup>a</sup>; 3.83<u>+</u>0.29<sup>a</sup>; 4.05<u>+</u>0.63<sup>b</sup>respectively. The results showed that supplementation of L-Methionine and L-Lysine HCl using minimum diet standard gave no significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on body weight, weight gain, and Feed Conversion. The result concluded that supplementing 0.25% to 0.5% L-methionine and l-lysine HCl did not increase body weight and weight gain and did not affect the Feed Conversion of KUB chickens. Furthermore, the minimum diet standard for KUB chicken already has a basic diet requirement. We suggested not adding the combination of L-Methionine (0.25% to 0.5%) and L-Lysine HCl (0.25% to 0.5%) in the minimum diet standard KUB chicken.</p> Ivan Mambaul Munir Slamet Diah Volkandari Rony Marsyal Kunda Copyright (c) 2022 Ivan Mambaul Munir, Slamet Diah Volkandari, Rony Marsyal Kunda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 109 118 10.25047/animpro.2022.345 Pengaruh penggunaan rempah-rempah terhadap kualitas pupuk organik cair https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/346 <p><em>This study aimed to determine the best treatment and the chemical content of liquid organic fertilizer with the addition of spices. The levels treatment were treatment 1 (P1): 1.5 liter cow urin+75 ml molasses+100 ml EM4+50 grams of spices each; treatment 2 (P2): 1.5 liters of cow urin+75 ml molasses+100 ml EM4+75 grams of spices each; treatment 3 (P3): 1.5 liter cow urin+75 ml molasses+100 ml EM4+100 grams of spices each, with 3 replications each. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Parameters observed were pH on day 0 to day 10, C-Organic nutrient content, total N, C/N ratio, P2O5 and K2O. The results of this research P3 was a liquid organic fertilizer with the best quality because it has the lowest C/N ratio. Liquid organic fertilizer from cow urine with the addition of spices has a C-Organic content at P1 2.99%; P2 2.76%; and P3 2.74%, total N at P1 0.17%; P2 0.18%; and P3 1.74%, C/N ratio at P1 18; P2 15; and P3 4, P2O5 at P1 0.04%; P2 0.02%; and P3 0.03%, and K2O at P1 0.77%; P2 0.83%; and P3 0.86%. </em></p> Rita Purwasih Nurul Mukminah Copyright (c) 2022 Rita Purwasih, Nurul Mukminah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 119 125 10.25047/animpro.2022.346 Aplikasi limbah padat budidaya maggot terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman pakcoy (Brassica chinensis L.) https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/347 <p><em>Bioconversion of organic waste can use the agent of black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucent) or maggot. Maggot cultivation residue can be used as plant fertilizer. This study aimed to determine the effect of the application of maggot cultivation solid waste and the optimal dose that could be used to increase the growth and productivity of pakchoi (Brassica chinensis </em>L<em>.)</em><em>. The study was conducted in a greenhouse with a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments, namely the dose of maggot solid waste (0, 90, 180, 270, and 360 grams) on planting media with a total weight of 4180 grams per polybag. Each treatment consisted of 5 replications. The results showed that the application of solid waste of maggot cultivation had a significant effect on plant height, the number of leaves, plant fresh weight, and plant dry weight but had no significant effect on root length. Application of a dose of 180 grams on plant media gave the highest average yield compared to other doses. This study concludes that the solid waste of maggot cultivation can be used as organic fertilizer to increase plant productivity.</em></p> Listya Purnamasari Rina Anggraini Wildan Muhlison Irwanto Sucipto Seong Gu Hwang Copyright (c) 2022 Listya Purnamasari, Rina Anggraini, Wildan Muhlison, Irwanto Sucipto, Seong Gu Hwang https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 126 134 10.25047/animpro.2022.347 Evaluasi dosis pupuk organik sebagai pupuk dasar terhadap produksi rumput Bio-Grass di Breeding Center Pulukan BPTU-HPT Denpasar Bali https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/348 <p><em>This study aimed to evaluate the application of organic fertilizer as basic fertilizer with different dosages for the growth of Bio-Grass grass. Observations were conducted at the Pulukan Breeding Center BPTU-HPT Denpasar for 3 months. This study used an experimental method with a Randomized Block Design (RBD) consisting of 3 treatments and 9 replications with a total sample of 27 clumps of Bio-Grass grass. The treatments consisted of P0 = no organic fertilizer, P1 = 1 kg/clump, and P2 = 2 kg/clump. The results presented that the increasing dosage of organic fertilizer as basic fertilizer was able to significantly increased (P&lt;0.05) the number of shoots, plant height, number of leaves, leaf length, and fresh weight of Bio-Grass. The highest average value for all observation parameters was shown by plants using organic fertilizer at a dosage of 2 kg/plant clump (P2). The number of shoots, plant height, number of leaves, leaf length, and fresh weight of Bio-Grass grass at P2 were 27.22 shoots; 242 cm; 113 leaves; 114.11 cm; and 5.06 kg/clump, respectively. Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the higher dosage of organic fertilizer (P2 = 2kg/clump) leads the higher growth and production of Bio-Grass compared to treatments P1 and P0.</em></p> Mochammad Bangga Edo Himawan Mei Via Savitri Nurkholis Nurkholis Mira Andriani Theo Mahiseta Syahniar Copyright (c) 2022 Mochammad Bangga Edo Himawan, Mei Via Savitri, Nurkholis, Mira Andriani, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 135 141 10.25047/animpro.2022.348 Penambahan feed additive tepung daun kelor (Moringa oleifera) untuk mitigasi amonia terhadap kualitas karkas dan lemak abdominal ayam broiler https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/349 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the addition of feed additive (Moring oleifera) leaf flour to mitigation ammonia on carcass quality and abdominal fat of broiler chickens. This research method used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications and each experimental used 10 broilers. The treatments used were P0 (feed control without the addition of Moringa leaf flour), P1 (feed with the addition of 3 g/kg Moringa leaf flour, P2 (formulation ration with the addition of 6 g/kg Moringa leaf flour) P3 (formulation ration with the addition of 9 g/kg Moringa leaf flour) given at the finisher phase (age 15-35). Parameters were amonia levels, body weight, carcass weight, percentage of the carcass, and percentage of abdominal fat. The results of this study showed that the addition of Moringa leaf flour feed additive to a level (9 g/kg) had a significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on reducing ammonia levels and did not have a significant effect on (P&gt;0.05) on body weight, body weight, and body weight. carcass, percentage of the carcass, and percentage of abdominal fat. However, adding moringa leaf flour can decrease ammonia levels without unaffected body weight, body weight, and body weight. carcass, percentage of the carcass, and percentage of abdominal.</em></p> Rizqi Fadhilah Amin Rosa Tri Hertamawati Nur Muhammad Theo Mahiseta Syahniar Retno Sari Mahanani Sustin Farlinda Reikha Rahmasari Copyright (c) 2022 Rizqi Fadhilah Amin, Rosa Tri Hertamawati, Nur Muhammad, Theo Mahiseta Syahniar, Retno Sari Mahanani, Sustin Farlinda, Reikha Rahmasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 142 149 10.25047/animpro.2022.349 Performa ayam kampung super dengan penambahan tepung daun papaya (Carica papaya) fermentasi dalam pakan https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/350 <p><em>The aim of this study was to determine the effect of adding fermented papaya leaves meal to the ration on the performance of super native chickens. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) experimental method, with 4 treatments, each treatment consisting of 5 replications and each replication containing 5 super native chickens. The treatments were: P0 (control feed), P1 (control feed + 2% fermented papaya leaves), P2 (control feed + 4% fermented papaya leaves), and P3 (control feed + 6% fermented papaya leaves). Parameters observed included feed consumption, body weight gain, and feed conversion. The results showed that the addition of fermented papaya leaves in the ration to 6% had no significant effect on feed consumption, weight gain, and feed conversion for super native chickens. In conclusion, the addition of fermented papaya leaves meal was beneficial as feed ingredients without reducing performance of chicken.</em></p> Gilang Zakzena Dharwin Siswantoro Merry Muspita Dyah Utami Rosa Tri Hertamawati Copyright (c) 2022 Gilang Zakzena, Dharwin Siswantoro, Merry Muspita Dyah Utami, Rosa Tri Hertamawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 150 156 10.25047/animpro.2022.350 Pengaruh imbangan dedak padi dan polard sebagai aditif terhadap kualitas fisik silase rumput odot https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/351 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding rice bran and pollard to the physical quality of odot grass silage. This research was conducted at UPT PT and HMT Batu, Jl Tlekung, Beji Village, Junrejo District, Batu City, Malang Regency, East Java Province. The materials used in this study include odot grass, rice bran, pollard, molasses, EM4 and water. This study is an experimental study using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The results of statistical analysis showed that the balance between rice bran and polard gave a very significant effect (p&lt;0.01) on the texture of the silage of odot grass but gave an insignificant effect (p&gt;0.05) on the color, odor and pH. This research can be concluded that the best treatment is obtained at a balance of 100% rice bran and 0% polard.</span></em></p> Niswatin Hasanah Eko Alfian Pradana Erfan Kustiawan Nurkholis Nurkholis Nining Haryuni Copyright (c) 2022 Niswatin Hasanah, Eko Alfian Pradana, Erfan Kustiawan, Nurkholis, Nining Haryuni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 157 161 10.25047/animpro.2022.351 Daging organik: kualitas, persepsi konsumen, dan aplikasi di Indonesia https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/352 <p><em>Organic food products are currently or have even become a trend for public consumption. This paper was compiled to summarize the differences in the characteristics of organic and non-organic meat for some livestock commodities, how consumers perceive and accept organic meat products, as well as examples of applications and how to get organic certification in Indonesia. Based on the literature study that has been carried out, it is known that the character of organic meat has a meat taste that is </em><em>savorier</em><em> with a more chewy meat texture. Organic livestock has better quality than non-organic, especially its nutritional content which is healthy because of the essential fat content produced in meat. Consumer food choices have a huge impact on the environment. The environmental impact of organic meat is high because consumers have beliefs about environmental friendliness although it is not significant. Consumers perceive organic meat as meat that is healthy, safe, natural, delicious, expensive, environmentally friendly, and of good quality. The reason people do not consume organic meat is the low supply and high price, as well as the lack of assurance that the meat is truly organic. Several farms that have applied organic systems in Indonesia are CV Rahayu in Sigi, Central Sulawesi, TML Farm in Bogor, West Java, Bina Sarana Bakti Foundation in Bogor, West Java, PT. Wahyu Utama Group in Tuban, East Java, etc. The guarantee of organic products has been facilitated by the presence of a certification body. Several certification bodies that handle organic farming include PT Sucofindo, PT Mutuagung Lestari, INOFICE, LeSOS, BIOCert Indonesia, PT Icert Agritama Internasional, etc. Thus, producers gain market trust and consumers get product quality assurance. In the future, the organic industry has the challenges of product development and the possibility of wider market interest.</em></p> Nisa Afifah Nur Fadilah Muhammad Farid Alfarisi Rindi Wirantika Septio Desy Cahya Widianingrum Copyright (c) 2022 Nisa Afifah Nur Fadilah, Muhammad Farid Alfarisi, Rindi Wirantika Septio, Desy Cahya Widianingrum https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 162 170 10.25047/animpro.2022.352 Reviu: Penerapan teknologi nano pada produk hasil ternak https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/353 <p><em>Consumer awareness was increasing of food safety and food security along with the high population growth rate and increasing quality of life, nanotechnology was an important concern to be able to meet future demand for livestock products. The application of nanostructured particles has been widely explored to produce livestock products with high food safety and food security. Nanotechnology can also be applied to produce food with high protein without slaughtering livestock in the form of artificial meat whose process is developed in the laboratory. Nutritional quality and food quantity in the future can also be met through the application of nanotechnology. The quality and freshness of livestock products that can be maintained during the transportation process is a major concern that can be met through the application of nanostructured particles in the form of flexible packaging, laminates, and edible coatings. Nanotechnology can change the particle size from eggshell bio-waste into nanoparticles that have high added value. The application of nanotechnology has a very wide scope in livestock products.</em></p> Agus Hadi Prayitno Budi Prasetyo Dharwin Siswantoro Dyah Laksito Rukmi Hariadi Subagja Dadik Pantaya Adib Norma Respati Budi Utomo Tri Agus Siswoyo Triana Lindriati Yuny Erwanto Copyright (c) 2022 asdasdas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 171 181 10.25047/animpro.2022.353 Kualitas sensoris daging broiler akibat penambahan β-glukan pada pakan https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/354 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of this study was to assess the sensory quality of broiler meat with β-glucan added to the feed. The materials used in this study were broiler chickens 14 days old, starter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, banana weevil, commercial feed, as well as cages and equipment. The method used in this research is to make β-glucan from the fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with banana weevil media. The study used a completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replications, each replicate containing 10 chickens. The treatments consisted of P0 (control feed (BR1)), P1 (P0 + 25 ppm β-glucan), P2 (P0 + 50 ppm β-glucan), P3 (P0 + 75 ppm β-glucan), P4 (P0 + 100 ppm -glucan). The research data was collected when the chickens were 37 days old. Research parameters include color, taste, texture, juiciness, tenderness and acceptability. Data analysis was carried out using the Kruskal Wallis test, if there was a significant difference (P&lt;0.05), then Duncan's New Mutiple Range Test was continued. The results showed that the sensory quality of broiler meat including color, taste, texture, juiciness, tenderness and acceptability given the addition of β-glucans sourced from the fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae banana weevil flour given to the feed was not significantly different (P&gt;0.05) in the whole treatment. The conclusion of the study was that β-glucan added to feed to a level of 100 ppm did not affect the sensory quality of broiler meat.</span></em></p> Shokhirul Imam Ujang Suryadi Achmad Shiddiqy Rosa Tri Hertamawati Anang Febri Prasetyo Reikha Rahmasari Copyright (c) 2022 Shokhirul Imam, Ujang Suryadi, Achmad Shiddiqy, Rosa Tri Hertamawati, Anang Febri Prasetyo, Reikha Rahmasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 182 190 10.25047/animpro.2022.354 Pembuatan bokashi dari berbagai limbah kotoran ternak di Desa Bujel Kecamatan Mojoroto Kota Kediri https://proceedings.polije.ac.id/index.php/animal-science/article/view/355 <p><em>This study has some purpose to utilize </em><em>animal waste</em><em> that has not been used optimally which often causes odors and flies, </em><em>hopefully</em><em> this activity can increase public knowledge about the importance of utilizing </em><em>animal waste</em><em> and improve the skills of participants to be able to make bokashi from </em><em>animal waste</em><em>. The materials used are </em><em>animal waste</em><em>, husks, husk ash, rice bran, EM4, </em><em>molasses</em><em>, and water. The methods used are </em><em>counseling</em><em>, discussions, and the practice of making bokashi. Making bokas</em><em>h</em><em>i is </em><em>animal waste</em><em> mixed with husk, husk ash, rice bran, and stirred evenly. The </em><em>paste</em><em> is mixed with EM4, molasses, and water, stirred to a moisture content of 40%, then covered with a burlap sack or mat (aerobic). The fermentation process will last 4-5 days. The results of making bokashi showed that participants were able to make bokashi with a characteristic fermented smell, cold dry texture, and white fungus. The conclusion of this community service is that the community understands the material presented and is able to make bokashi from various </em><em>animal waste</em><em> with appropriate characteristics.</em></p> Anif Mukaromah Wati Uli Rafiul Albab Siti Azizah Danung Nur Adli Copyright (c) 2022 Anif Mukaromah Wati, Uli Rafiul Albab, Siti Azizah, Danung Nur Adli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 191 194 10.25047/animpro.2022.355